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# How Is Math Used in Video Game Designing?

Are you a designer, but overwhelmed by mathematics and want to design game?

Don’t worry , a lot of us are not confident in our mathematical capabilities but do not stress, there is hope for us all. You can still explore the world of game design & development, and we will tell you how to do that exactly!

Game development is a meticulous task that requires not only the envisioning of gameplay but also the execution of various characters and their actions. To breathe life into gaming, one must program a game with utmost dedication and precision. It is this accuracy which leads us to believe that mathematical soundness is necessary, to some extent, in-game development.

The more mathematics you know, the better, but the absolute minimum that you need to get started includes knowledge of:

1. Algebra and Arithmetic:

2. Vectors:

### Characters and objects in games are represented with vectors, these are simply defined as the direction and speed associated with any object. Through vector calculation, a game developer is able to move an object and achieve different goals, as per the rules, such as walking, running or swimming by a particular character.

3. Physics:

The combination of physics and mathematics is crucial in determining object dynamics: from making a ball bounce, to moving an object with a certain level of force, to colliding with momentum, are all encapsulated under the knowledge of physics. The purpose of this is to give your game a feeling of ‘realism’, something which avid gamers are keenly observant and fond of.

To render high-performance games, the framework must be well-thought-out to create a realistic experience for gamers. With games like PUBG, a lot of mathematical concepts come into play while programming them. During game development, vector knowledge allows you to understand how to make a character move, and in what direction, and possibly towards another player.
The power or ‘life’ or ‘lives’ of a player is determined using basic arithmetic. Also, if a character is to shoot a bullet through a gun, the distance, momentum, and impact is all programmed under the realm of mathematics.

Math concepts also help determine victory in games. For e.g. in popular racing games, such as Mario Kart or Gran Turismo, the ranking of a player depends on who reaches the finish line the fastest. These distances are calculated using vector mathematics where, in milliseconds, positions relative to the finish line are being calculated to show a player rank in the races. Formulas, such as the Pythagorean Theorem, are routinely employed to deduce these distances and award players accordingly.

As a starter, you may get away with not being a pro at mathematics, but for high-end professional game development, you will be required to excel in the subject: this is because big gaming industries list ‘expertise in mathematics’ as a pre-requisite to apply at their firms for a job – simply because a math-savvy programmer will be more efficient in producing games.

The degree of application of mathematical knowledge in gaming is immense, and that is what makes it truly worthwhile. Just like basic logic is important, so is mathematics, because all your programming needs to have a reason behind it.

Another example of a game is Grand Theft Auto – here, movement of cars, explosions, day and night alternating, are routinely occurring with the aid of mathematical calculations embedded into the gameplay. Even a basic game, such as Pacman requires a rudimentary semblance of vector knowledge.

• Conclusion

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